Each year, Holocaust Memorial Day takes place on January 27, the anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz in 1945. It is an opportunity for everyone to remember those killed in the Holocaust, and to reflect on other genocides around the world.
The Holocaust took place between 1933 and 1945. During that time, over six million Jews were murdered by Nazi forces attempting to exterminate all Jewish people as commanded by Adolf Hitler, the leader of Nazi Germany. Thousands more people were killed for their race, religion, sexuality or political beliefs. Holocaust Memorial Day is a time to remember those innocent people.
It has been almost 65 years since the end of the Holocaust, but the memory of the horrors which were perpetrated still shapes the way that many people see the world.
Unfortunately, anti-Semitism appears to be on the rise once more in Europe and the US. In America, anti-Semitic incidents rose by almost 60% in 2017, the largest increase on record. In Germany the same year, 78% of Jews noticed an increasing threat.
“It is inconceivable and shameful,” said German Chancellor Angela Merkel on Holocaust Memorial Day last year.
What can be done?
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A slideshow of photographs taken by Jewish people living under Nazi rule.
- As a class, discuss why you think anti-Semitism might be rising in the 21st century, and what can be done about it.
- There are still thousands of Holocaust survivors alive today. Imagine you have been given the chance to interview one of them, and write down the questions you would ask.
- Write a poem or short story about the events of Holocaust.