US military lifts ban on being openly gay
Under a policy known as ‘Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell’, gay men and women in the American armed forces have been forced to hide their sexuality. This week ushers in a new era of openness.
Over the last 18 years, more than 13,000 American servicemen and women have been discharged from the military because of disclosures about their private life. Under a longstanding law preventing openly gay or lesbian individuals serving in the forces, once a gay man or woman's sexuality became known, their career in the army, navy or air force came to an abrupt end.
But yesterday the law, known as 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell', was repealed, allowing those currently in uniform to enjoy a new era of openness, and prompting some of those discharged over the years because of their sexuality to say they want to rejoin the military.
Air Force Major Mike Almy, who became a high-profile campaigner for changing the rules after he was discharged, explains: 'Really it's been my whole adult life – I want to get back in because I just miss the people, the camaraderie, the mission. I also want a retirement. I lost all retirement benefits when they kicked me out.'
Another said that while a weight had been removed from the shoulders of gay men and women in the military, serving alongside them should be 'a non-issue' for straight people. But a study by the Pentagon last year found that 40% of personnel opposed the repeal, and some have warned about disruption to the cohesion of military units, for example, where they live together, and a disincentive to non-gay personnel to join or stay in the military.
Ten of the 27 countries in the European Union do not allow gay people to serve openly in the armed forces, but the UK changed its rules in 2000, since when forces chiefs have described the situation as 'much better'. Lord Alan West, a former head of the Royal Navy, said he was dubious about the stated motives of nations with a ban still in place.
'I don't believe it's got anything to do with how efficient or capable their forces will be – it's to do with prejudices, I'm afraid.'
In 1948, President Truman ended racial segregation in the American military, so that black and white servicemen and women could serve alongside one another. Campaigners are this week celebrating that, 60 years later, the same applies to gay and straight in the forces.
It's the end of what one member of the American top brass called 'a policy that forces young men and women to lie about who they are in order to defend their fellow citizens.'
But should individuality be a priority in institutions that rely for their effectiveness on discipline, obedience and strict hierarchies? And does sexuality of any sort have a place in a warzone?
- Is America right to repeal this law?
- 'Let there be no confusion: where there is tension between cultural attitudes and universal human rights, rights must carry the day.' Ban Ki-Moon, UN Secretary General. Do you agree? Can you think of other examples of this tension?
- Many people live with a secret: write about how it might affect your life to hide something significant about yourself.
- Research the history of gay rights in your own country: make a presentation or write an account of how society's views and the law have changed over time.
Some People Say...
“Anyone who doesn't fit in endangers the mission.”
What do you think?
Q & A
- Is life difficult for gay men and lesbians in the US?
- Even in countries with no law against homosexuality, there can be serious challenges. In the US, for example, there is a very active campaign for gay couples to be allowed to marry, which is allowed in some states and not in others. In the UK, same sex couples can have acivil partnership but not a religious marriage, something the Government has promised to change.
- Nothing like as bad as in some countries, though.
- In May, the UN human rights chief Navi Pillay warned thathomophobic attacks were on the rise around the world. These occur even where discrimination is illegal, but tend to be more systematic where there is no official or legal protection. In more than a third of countries, there are still laws against consensual homosexual acts, with severe punishments including the death penalty.
- Mutual trust, often extending to friendship, among people who work together.
- Literally 'fearing homosexuality', but used to describe attitudes and attacks that are hostile to gay people.
- Treating an individual in an unequal fashion or persecuting or excluding them because of a prejudice against the group to which they belong.
- Civil partnership
- A non-religious legal union of a same-sex couple. The first UK civil partnership happened in 2005, but campaigners would now like the right to full marriage.
- Sexual orientation
- The direction in which someone's sexual attractions and interests lie.