Sugar named the world’s most popular drug

Tasty treats: By Year 6, one in five children are obese, according to official figures.

Should sugar be treated like a drug? A new study shows that seasonal lattes and hot chocolates being sold by some high street coffee chains can contain up to 23 spoonfuls of sugar per cup.

It changes our mood. It creates a pleasurable short-term sensation. And once we get used to it, we want more.

These statements are all true of alcohol, nicotine and cannabis. But they could also refer to something most people take — and give to their children — every day: sugar.

Now, our addiction to the sweet treat is under scrutiny again. Christmassy drinks at all the popular, international coffee chains have been found to contain huge quantities of sugar.

And research by Public Health England reveals that children in the UK are eating roughly double the recommended daily allowance of it each day.

The study found that by age 10, the average child has consumed 18 years’ worth of sugar.

Scientists are divided on whether sugar is addictive. But like nicotine, heroin and cocaine, it is purified to concentrate its effects. It also stimulates the release of dopamine (a hormone commonly associated with the brain’s pleasure system and withdrawal symptoms). And it has become easier to transport and refine it since it was discovered in the tropics centuries ago. As its price fell, consumption rose quickly.

But sugar is associated with many health problems — particularly obesity, diabetes and associated illnesses. This has led to growing calls for tougher action on sugary food and drinks.

So, is sugar a drug? And should it be regulated like one — for example, by restricting its sale to children?

Sweet poison?

Absolutely, say health campaigners. Sugar is addictive and harmful, just like substances we usually call “drugs”. It may be legal and socially acceptable to wolf down a cake, but that does not make it any better for us. The Government should get tougher to protect people from “the white killer”.

Ridiculous, cry sugar enthusiasts. We do not inject, snort or smoke sugar. Its impact on our behaviour is relatively minor. Small amounts of sugar in our diet can be beneficial, provided we exercise regularly. And our bodies convert carbohydrates to glucose: a substance which occurs naturally in the human body is hardly a drug.

You Decide

  1. Would you eat less sugar if it cost more?

Activities

  1. Keep a diary of everything you eat and drink for a week. Work out how much sugar you have consumed. Then discuss what you have learnt as a class.

Some People Say...

“Sugar is the sociopath of foods. It acts sweet but really it’s poison.”

Karen Salmansohn, US self-help writer

What do you think?

Q & A

What do we know?
Your diet has an important impact on your health — which, in turn, affects how long you live and the quality of your life. If you eat too much sugar, you will be more likely to become ill in later life.
What do we not know?
Whether sugar will be regulated more in the future. If sugar is considered a “drug”, it would give the Government and regulators more power to restrict its use.

Word Watch

Scrutiny
Close watch or investigation.
Recommended
Official health guidelines suggest four to six-year-olds should eat no more than five cubes of sugar per day; seven to 10-year-olds no more than six.
Concentrate
In this case, to strengthen.
Withdrawal
The rush of dopamine creates an enjoyable immediate sensation. But, in the long term, it trains our brain to require more of the substance that created it, meaning naturally enjoyable activities give us less pleasure.
Tropics
The first known record of sugar’s presence in England dates to 1099, when the Crusaders returned from the Middle East with “a new spice”.
Illnesses
Both obesity and diabetes can make people more susceptible to ailments such as cancer and heart disease.
Regulated
Controlled by laws.
Restricting
Limiting; stopping.
Glucose
Found in the blood and is the main sugar that the body manufactures.

PDF Download

Please click on "Print view" at the top of the page to see a print friendly version of the article.