Welcome to the world of dark tourism
Since the release of HBO’s Chernobyl series, tour bookings to the site of the nuclear catastrophe have soared by 40%. Is it tasteless to turn a disaster site into a tourist attraction?
No one has lived in Pripyat for 33 years. In April 1986, the Chernobyl reactor exploded two kilometres away in one of history’s worst nuclear disasters.
Today, the abandoned city is a tourist hotspot. Travellers wearing hazmat suits follow tour guides through the overgrown streets.
In a gift shop at the edge of the exclusion zone, people queue to buy mugs and key rings bearing yellow hazard signs. After this summer’s HBO drama Chernobyl about the disaster, bookings went up by 40%.
Welcome to the world of dark tourism, defined by the Institute for Dark Tourism Research as visiting “sites of death, disaster, or the seemingly macabre”.
Although booming, dark tourism is not new. For centuries, tourists visited Pompeii to peer at bodies perfectly preserved by the volcanic blast. Today, cheap flights have improved access to sites of gore and disaster.
Historians estimate that of the 1.3 million people sent to Auschwitz concentration camp by the Nazis, 1.1 million died.
Over two million people visited the site in 2018. Despite the numbers, visitors describe it as a place of quiet reflection.
But social media has complicated things. Officials at Auschwitz have been forced to warn tourists about taking selfies on the camp’s railway tracks. A similar ban has been put in place at the 9/11 memorial in New York.
Dark tourist Peter Hohenhaus says that travellers are trying to understand their own death. “What we're looking at is ourselves,” he explains. “That could have been us.” Is this empathy or schadenfreude? Are we leering at suffering for our own morbid thrill?
But tourists say they visit to educate themselves and pay respects to those who died. Wouldn’t it be far worse to forget these horrors, as the Soviet Union erased the victims of the gulags?
- Would you like to visit any of the four sites pictured?
- Make a list of the top five places you want to travel to in the world. Do any of them have dark histories?
Some People Say...
“Bending too fixedly over hideousness, one feels queerly drawn.”George Steiner, French-American writer
What do you think?
Q & A
- What do we know?
- Since the series Chernobyl in May, bookings to visit the site of the 1986 nuclear disaster have risen by 40%.
- What do we not know?
- If dark tourism is even a helpful term to use. The term was first coined in the 1990s.
- A city in Ukraine.
- Large suits worn to protect from radioactive material.
- It has been hailed as one of the greatest TV shows ever made.
- The corpses appear as stone.
- 9/11 memorial
- At the site of the former World Trade Centre, it commemorates the September 11 2001 attacks, which killed 2,977 people
- A German word defined as deriving pleasure from another’s misfortune.
- A system of labour camps ran by the Soviet Union. Around one million people are estimated to have died there.