‘Why I believe trash beats high culture’

Fifty Shades of Grey: “A terrible movie …but it might feel good to see” (New York Times).
by Yo Zushi

A British-Japanese contributing writer for the New Statesman. He is also singer-songwriter who rose to prominence in the UK freak folk scene. His latest album, It Never Entered My Mind, is out now.

Star Wars or Shakespeare? Beethoven or Sheeran? The author makes a defence of philistinism, a love of low-brow entertainment, over the more revered classics of literature and film.

For many people I know, the LoveFilm DVD rental list is a graveyard of good intentions: Three Films by Jean-Marie Straub and Danièle Huillet, some Ken Loach. Look closely and you’ll see that they’re all set to “low priority”, which translates as: “Please don’t actually send these movies to me.”

I can sympathise. I could spend a Thursday evening after work watching The Chronicle of Anna Magdalena Bach, which, LoveFilm tells me, is “at once a love story, a documentary, a socio-political statement and a film of the music of Bach” – but I’m more likely to go for an old episode of Beverly Hills, 90210.

“Great” cinema, like much of “great” literature or art, can be challenging. It can also be a downer. Susan Sontag wrote in 1963: “The truths we respect are those born of sickness.” More than half a century later, this equation of pain with potency remains the conventional wisdom, and many lauded films – Kenneth Lonergan’s Manchester by the Sea, say – combine “challenging” and “downer” in a relentless onslaught.

“Our relationship with culture is personal. There’s no shame in loving what journalists have decided is rubbish.”

Difficulty serves as an aid to intellectual engagement. “Small bursts of mental complexity – also known as cognitive disfluency – encourage us to think more clearly,” explained Adam Alter, an associate professor of marketing at New York University, in 2013.

Academe celebrates complexity in part because it gives scholars obvious things to write about. Canons are formed through critical consensus, but to what extent and how accurately do they reflect a society’s values and dreams?

Avatar, Titanic, Star Wars: the Force Awakens, Jurassic World and The Avengers: these are the most profitable films of all time, and none is canonical in any meaningful sense. They are, to be frank, dumb and devoid of complexity yet millions of people love them.

Critics may howl when something deemed trashy captures the public imagination – for instance, the music of Ed Sheeran, who recently topped the charts with his album Divide, despite warnings from reviewers about its “flagrant sense of scheming” and “deeply uncool whiteness” – but our relationship with culture is a personal matter.

There’s no shame in loving what a bunch of journalists have decided is a bit rubbish. After all, what the critics in one era think great can become a laughing stock in another, and the reverse is also true.

And it’s worth remembering that even Christianity initially got terrible reviews: Nero had followers of the faith burned alive as human torches and torn apart by dogs in 64AD. Less than three hundred years later, the then Roman emperor, Constantine, had converted.

Perhaps in a couple of centuries, Highlander 2 (“a movie almost awesome in its badness”, according to Roger Ebert) will similarly be reappraised as vital to human happiness. Or maybe Sheeran will replace Bob Dylan in the history books as the musician of our era.

I doubt it, but, as the song goes: “They all laughed at Christopher Columbus / When he said the world was round . . .”

A critical consensus forms and then is eventually replaced by a new one. What matters in the end is whether you are moved by something or not – it’s the only mark of quality that you can be sure of.

To argue for the binning of established canons to make way for the lionisation of, say, Dumb and Dumber and 90210 would be absurd, yet it is just as daft to deny that “low” culture can have a powerful, and therefore equally valid, effect on us. So don’t feel guilty if you’d rather read a Fifty Shades of Grey sequel than Proust.

This article was originally published by The New Statesman. It has been edited for length.

You Decide

  1. Are some films, books, and other works of art objectively better than others?

Activities

  1. Pick a “trashy” film or novel you like, and write 500 words on why you are fond of it.

Word Watch

Jean-Marie Straub and Danièle Huillet
A duo of French filmmakers who made two dozen films between 1963 and 2006. Their films are noted for their rigorous, intellectually stimulating style and radical politics.
Manchester by the Sea
The film, whose main star was Casey Affleck, received six Oscar nominations in 2016. The plot follows a man who looks after his teenage nephew after his brother dies.
Academe
The “academy” or academic community, particularly universities, for study and thinking.
Avatar
Avatar, which was released in 2009, overtook Titanic to become the highest grossing film of all time. It was officially budgeted at $237m. Its use of special effects was touted as a breakthrough in cinematic technology.
Ed Sheeran
Sheeran’s new album, titled ÷ (Divide) became one of the fastest-selling releases ever in the UK, shifting 432,000 copies in just three days after its release in March.
Proust
Marcel Proust was a French novelist, critic, and essayist best known for his monumental novel À la recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time).